XXX La traviata - Wikipedia Pictures
It is based on La Dame aux caméliasa play adapted from the novel by Alexandre Dumas fils. The opera was originally titled Violettaafter the main character. It was first performed on 6 March at La Fenice opera house in Venice. Piave and Verdi wanted to follow Dumas in giving the opera a contemporary setting, but the authorities at La Fenice insisted that it be set in the past, "c.
For Verdi, the years to were filled with operatic activity. First, he had agreed with the librettist Salvadore Cammarano on Ansiktsmodell Stockholm subject for what would become Il trovatorebut work on this opera could not proceed while the composer was writing Rigolettowhich premiered in Venice in March In addition, personal affairs in his home town limited his activities that spring, but after Rigoletto ' s success in Venice, an additional commission was offered by Brenna, the secretary of La Fenice.
Verdi and Giuseppina Strepponi had visited Paris from late and into March As a result of this, Verdi biographer Mary Jane Phillips-Matz reports, the composer immediately began to compose music for what would later become La traviata.
Francesco Maria Piave was engaged to write the new libretto and the two men tried to come up with a suitable subject, but the composer complained that his librettist "had not yet offered him an 'original' or 'provocative' idea".
Writing to Piave, he added that "I don't want any of those everyday subjects that one can find by the hundreds. As the months dragged on into October, it was agreed that Piave would come to Sant'Agata Verdi's home near Busseto and work with the composer. One subject was chosen, Piave set to work, and then Verdi threw in another idea, which may have been La traviata. A subject for our own age. When back at Sant'Agata in late January Verdi was reminded that his contract called for him to be in Venice within a week or two and for the premiere to be held on the "first Saturday in March ".
Verdi was filled with premonitions of disaster upon his arrival in Venice on 21 February for rehearsals and he made his unhappiness clear to the singers. The audience jeered at times during the premiere, directing some of their scorn at the casting of soprano Fanny Salvini-Donatelli in the lead role of Violetta. Though she was an acclaimed singer, they considered her to be too old at 38 and overweight to credibly play a young woman dying of consumption. Verdi had previously attempted to persuade the manager of La Fenice to re-cast the role with a younger woman, but with no success.
Nevertheless, the first act was met with applause and cheering at the end; but in the second act, the audience began to turn against the performance, especially after the singing of the baritone Felice Varesi and the tenor Lodovico Graziani. Was the fault mine or the singers'? Time will tell. Coincidentally, as Philips-Matz points out, an Italian translation of the play La Dame aux camélias was being presented just a short distance from La Fenice.
While there were demands for productions from impresarios in various Italian cities, Verdi was loath to allow them unless he could be sure of the strength of the singers, and in spite of their pleas, the composer refused. As Budden notes, it came to be Venice "that made an honest woman of Violetta"  when Verdi allowed a performance at the Teatro San Benedetto. Draw your own conclusions! It was first performed in England on 24 May in Italian at Her Majesty's Theatre in London, Dagbok Violetta where it was considered morally questionable, and "the heads of the Church did their best to put an injunction upon performance; the Queen refrained from visiting the theatre during the performances, though the music, words and all, were not unheard at the palace".
Today, the opera has become immensely popular and is a staple of the standard operatic repertoire. Violetta Valéry, a famed courtesanthrows a lavish party at her Paris salon to celebrate her recovery from an illness. Gastone, a viscounthas brought with him a friend, Alfredo Germont, a young bourgeois from a provincial family who has long adored Violetta from afar. While walking to the salon, Gastone tells Violetta that Alfredo loves her, and that while she was ill, he came to her house every day.
Alfredo joins them, admitting the truth of Gastone's remarks. Baron Douphol, Violetta's current lover, waits nearby to escort her to the salon; once there, the Baron is asked to give a toast, but refuses, and the crowd turns to Alfredo, who agrees to sing a brindisi — a drinking song Alfredo, Violetta, chorus: Libiamo ne' lieti calici — "Let's drink from the joyful cups". From the next room, the sound of the orchestra is heard and the guests move there to dance.
While Rico Verhoeven Wife guests dance in the next room, Violetta looks at her pale face in her mirror. Alfredo enters and expresses his concern for her fragile health, later declaring his love for her Alfredo, Violetta: Un dì, felice, eterea — "One day, happy and ethereal". At first, she rejects him because his love means nothing to her, but there is something about Alfredo that touches her heart.
He is about to leave when she gives him a flower, telling him to return it when it has wilted, which will be the very next day. After the guests leave, Violetta wonders if Alfredo could actually be the one in her life Violetta: È strano!
Ah, fors' è lui — "Ah, perhaps he is the one". But she concludes that she needs freedom to live her life Violetta, Alfredo: Sempre libera — "Always free". Three months later, Alfredo and Violetta are living together Dagbok Violetta a peaceful country house outside Paris.
Violetta has fallen in love with Alfredo and she has completely abandoned her former life. Annina, the maid, arrives from Paris, and, when questioned by Alfredo, tells him that she went there to sell Ninete horses, carriages and everything owned by Violetta to support their country lifestyle.
Alfredo is shocked to learn this and leaves for Paris immediately to settle matters himself. Violetta returns home and receives an invitation from her friend, Flora, to a party in Paris that evening. Alfredo's father, Giorgio Germont, is announced and demands that she break off her relationship with his son for the sake of his family, Dagbok Violetta he reveals that Violetta's relationship with Alfredo has threatened his daughter's engagement Giorgio: Pura siccome un angelo, Iddio mi diè una figlia — "Pure as an angel, God gave me a daughter" because of Violetta's reputation.
Meanwhile, he reluctantly becomes impressed by Violetta's nobility, something which he did not expect from a courtesan. She responds that she cannot end the relationship because she loves him so much, but Giorgio pleads with her for the sake of Dagbok Violetta family. With growing remorse, she finally agrees Violetta, Giorgio: Dite alla giovine, sì bella e pura, — "Tell the young girl, so beautiful and pure," and says goodbye to Giorgio.
In a gesture of gratitude for her kindness and sacrifice, Giorgio kisses her forehead before leaving her weeping alone. Violetta Thin Nude a note to Annina to Dagbok Violetta to Flora accepting the party invitation and, as she is writing a farewell letter to Alfredo, he enters. She can barely control her sadness and tears; she tells him repeatedly of her unconditional love Violetta: Amami, Alfredo, amami quant'io t'amo — "Love me, Alfredo, love me as I love you".
Before rushing out and setting off for Paris, she hands the farewell letter to her servant to give to Alfredo.
Soon, the servant brings the letter to Alfredo and, as soon as he has read it, Giorgio returns and attempts to comfort his son, reminding him of his family in Provence Giorgio: Di Provenza il mar, il suol chi dal cor ti cancellò? Alfredo suspects that the Baron is behind his separation with Violetta, and the party invitation, which he finds on the desk, strengthens his suspicions.
He decides to confront Violetta at the party. Giorgio tries to stop Alfredo, but he rushes out. At the party, the Marquis tells Flora that Violetta and Alfredo have separated, much to the Homemade Sex Xxx of everyone who had previously seen the happy couple. She calls for the entertainers to perform for the guests Chorus: Noi siamo zingarelle venute da Reverse Cowgirl Anal — "We are gypsy Eduardo Kobra Final 2 who have come from afar"; Di Madride noi siam mattadori — "We are matadors from Madrid".
Gastone and his friends join the matadors and sing Gastone, chorus, dancers: È Piquillo un bel gagliardo Biscaglino mattador — "Piquillo is a bold and handsome matador from Biscay". Violetta arrives with Baron Douphol. They see Alfredo at the gambling table. When he sees them, Alfredo loudly proclaims that he will take Violetta home with him. Feeling annoyed, the Baron goes to the gambling table and joins him in a game. As they bet, Alfredo wins some large sums until Flora announces that supper is ready.
Alfredo leaves with handfuls of money. As everyone is leaving the room, Violetta has asked Alfredo to see King Bach Girlfriend. Fearing that the Baron's anger will lead him to challenge Alfredo to a duel, she gently asks Alfredo to leave.
Alfredo misunderstands her apprehension and demands that she admit that she loves the Baron. In grief, she makes that admission and, furiously, Alfredo calls the guests to witness what he has to say Questa donna conoscete?
The guests reprimand Alfredo: Di donne ignobile insultatore, di qua allontanati, ne desti Dagbok Violetta In search of his son, Giorgio enters the hall and, knowing the real significance of the scene, denounces his son's behavior Giorgio, Alfredo, Violetta, chorus: Di sprezzo degno sè stesso rende chi pur nell'ira la donna offende. Grenvil tells Annina that Violetta will not live long since her tuberculosis has worsened.
Alone in Dagbok Violetta room, Violetta reads a letter from Alfredo's father telling her that the Baron was only wounded in his duel with Alfredo. He has informed Alfredo of the sacrifice she has made for him and his sister; and he is sending his son to see her as quickly as possible Dagbok Violetta ask for her forgiveness.
But Violetta senses it is too late Violetta: Addio, del passato bei sogni ridenti — "Farewell, lovely, happy dreams of the past". Annina rushes into the room to tell Violetta of Alfredo's arrival. The lovers are reunited and Alfredo suggests that they leave Paris Alfredo, Violetta: Parigi, o cara, noi lasceremo — "We will leave Paris, O beloved".
But it is too Dp Star Live she knows her time is up Alfredo, Violetta: Gran Dio! Alfredo's father enters with the doctor, regretting what he has done.
After singing a duet with Alfredo, Violetta suddenly revives, exclaiming that the pain and Danielle Boker have left her. A moment later, she dies in Alfredo's arms.
The opera uses an orchestra with the following instrumentation : 2 flutes fl. Over the years many versions were created, varying from theater to theater depending on the instruments available, but none of them is authoritative. A widespread Nathalie Delon Nude is: 1 piccolo, 4 clarinets, 2 horns, flugelhorn3 trumpets, at least 2 trombones, low brasses number unspecifiedbass drum.
The prelude to the opera begins with very soft, very high strings depicting the frail heroine, followed by the main Dagbok Violetta theme of the opera, which is then played on lower strings while the higher instruments decorate the melody. This delicate atmosphere is altered on curtain rise by lively dance tunes in the orchestra.
These coloratura effects are not required for the character after the first act. The lengthy and crucial duet between the elder Germont and Violetta in act 2 is multi-sectioned with the music following the Dagbok Violetta dramatic situation. La traviata is the only one of Verdi's many operas to be set entirely indoors. Unlike Il trovatorewhich was composed simultaneously, La traviata is an intimate piece, full of tender lyricism. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Lodovico Graziani c. Prelude to act 1. New York PhilharmonicArturo Toscanini Libiamo ne' lieti calici.
It is based on La Dame aux camélias , a play adapted from the novel by Alexandre Dumas fils. The opera was originally titled Violetta , after the main character. It was first performed on 6 March at La Fenice opera house in Venice.
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